Long, Mary
Entry 690 Sex: F Alias: Song, Mary
Born: at :
Bapt: at:
Died: at:
Buried: at:

Conviction Details

Status on Arrival: Convict Ship: Lady Juliana - 1790
Crime: Highway Robbery Sentence: Death remitted to Life transportation
Tried at: Old Bailey First Middlesex Jury Trial Date: 25 October 1786

Parent Details

Father: Mother:

Physical Description

Literacy Religion Trade/Calling
Visage Build Native Place
Complexion Hair Eyes Height
Distinguishing Marks:


Known Number of Marriages/Partners 4 Known Number of Children 5
Entry Partners Name Marriage Date Marriage Place FGS
SU Bedford, Edward
5729? Petree, Thomas
3172 Ward, James
6680? Bristow, Thomas

Extract from oldbaileyonline.org

MARY LONG, Violent Theft & highway robbery, 25th October 1786

Reference Number: t17861025-25

Offence: Violent Theft > highway robbery

Verdict: Guilty

Punishment: Death

785. MARY LONG was indicted for feloniously assaulting Ann, the wife of Henry Trunkett , on the King's highway, on the 30th of September last, and putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and feloniously taking from her person and against her will, a gold locket, value 20 s. his property .


I am wife of Henry Trunkett ; on the 30th of September, I had been out to Covent-Garden market, and was returning into Bloomsbury, between eight and nine, where I live, two girls passed me and returned into the middle of the street, and the tallest of the girls struck at me, I was on the foot-path, the tallest of the two attempted to strike me, I shrunk back, I received a blow on my nose and the side of my face; she struck me again, and I received a blow on my neck near my throat, with her hand, with her fist; at the same time, the same person that struck me tore my locket from my handkerchief, and my handkerchief all down, she ran by me and went towards Covent-Garden; I was stupified with the blow for a moment, I did not call out for any assistance, but on recovering myself I turned round and saw she had turned into the Pizzas, I saw my locket in her hand with a piece of my handkerchief, she turned round and d - d me for a b - h, and held up her fist.

What time was this? - It might be half an hour or thirty-five minutes after eight.

You spoke of two of them? - Yes, the other stood by the side of me all the time, but did not meddle with me at all; she did not offer to assist me nor make her escape.

Did she go away when the tall one went off? - No, she stood still.

Have you any thing to say against the woman at the bar? - I will not swear to her, but I believe she is the woman.

How soon after did you see her? - That was on the Saturday evening, and I saw her on the Monday night at the watch-house in company with two more; I saw the locket before the magistrate.

Did she say any thing to you before she struck you? - Nothing to the best of my remembrance.

Had you pushed against her, or any thing of that kind? - No, I saw them there and gave way; they came from behind me, they went on before to the dark part of the street, and turned back and met me, by that time I was got to the dark part of Hart-street, which leads into James's-street .

Court. Could you observe whether she snatched at your locket? - It has a buckle in the back of it that goes through and through the handkerchief; it was tight in the handkerchief, it was pulled out.

What was the handkerchief? - It was muslin, it is here I believe some part of it.


As I was coming through the Piazzas on Saturday night, me and another girl, to the best of my remembrance a little after eight, the gentlewoman the prisoner called over to the other girl that was along side of me, I asked her if she would have any thing to drink, with that Mary Long and me and the other girl immediately crossed over the way.

What is the other girl's name? - Margaret Holmes ; then we crossed all three of us into James's-street, and went to the wine vaults; I asked the other girl if she would go home, and she said yes; so, says the girl at the bar, I will go see you to the top of James-street, and before ever we got to the top of James-street, the lady laid hold of me; I asked her what was the matter; she said she was robbed of her handkerchief; then I went through the Piazzas and I met the prisoner, and she shewed me the handkerchief pin, and she wanted me to lay hold of it in my hand, but I would not: immediately then I went through the Piazzas and went home.

How came she by that handkerchief-pin? - I do not know indeed.

Where was the prisoner before the lady laid hold of you? - She was in James-street, she was about a yard and a half off, I saw her do nothing to the lady; the lady told me that the prisoner snatched the pin out of her bosom; she ran away in the space of two minutes before the lady laid hold of me, the lady was close to me at the time the prisoner ran away; I did not see any thing done to her.

What became of that handkerchief pin? - I do not know.

What sort of a thing was it? - I only just saw it in her hand, it was all round trimmed with white stones, it glistened very much, I thought it had been diamonds.


On Saturday evening, the 30th of September, I was crossing the way, and I saw the prisoner come running down James-street, and as she passed me I heard the lady cry out stop that woman, she has robbed me; I immediately run after her, she turned the corner of the Piazza, and I lost sight of her, I returned back to the lady, and she was all of a fright, I saw no more of it.

Are you sure it was the prisoner you saw running? - Yes, I had seen her before, I knew her by sight.

Where do you live? - In Covent-Garden.


The night after the robbery was committed, I heard there had been an information laid at Bow-street concerning this robbery, and I heard the prisoner's name mentioned, I went on Sunday morning and apprehended all the three girls according to information, the prisoner for one, and this little girl that has just been examined, and another, were in three separate apartments and three separate houses; and knowing the prisoner I went first for her, I took her out of bed, and put her in custody of one of the officers that were with me, then I went in search of the others; the next I took was this little girl, says she, you do not want me, you want Mary Long ; says I, how do you know that, says she, because Mary Long has the pin, I have not got it; and the prisoner said afterwards, if you will go back with me I will shew you where it is; she took me back to her house, and in the two pair of stairs, in the window that had been blinded, no light in it, she had hid the pin, she felt about a good while and pretended she could not find it, the window being very high I could not get up, she called a little boy and he clambered up and found it.

(The pin produced and deposed to.)

Here is the handkerchief I had from the lady.

You found no part of the handkerchief? - No, I did not.


The man took me out of bed on Sunday morning, between eight and nine, to go with him, I asked him for what; he said, there was a robbery done about a lady's pin; coming down stairs, it is a light window on the stairs, and he swept his hand along the window, and said this is what I wanted; I did not give him the pin.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron EYRE .

Death sentence remitted to Transportation for Life on 23 May 1787

Has been incorrectly attributed in some publications as a First Fleeter. She was marked as having embarked on the 'Prince of Wales' but this was an error. The reprieve of her death sentence was not until 12 March 1787.
August 1790 - Sent from Sydney to Norfolk Island on the 'Surprise'
4 February 1791 - Ordered a flogging for abusing and striking another convict woman
June 1794 - Ordered to stand trial for improper language. She received 100 lashes, had her hair cut off and was sent to Philipsburg (Cascade). She was recorded as childless, unmarried and living with the settler Edward BEDFORD
July 1794 - returned to Sydney
1796/1797 - Mary was sent back to Norfolk Island
May 1801 - Sent to Sydney, she was said to have been 'particularly troublesome' while on the Island.
November 1812 - Mary's partner James WARD died after being bitten by a snake
1814 - Described as a single woman resident in the Windsor region with five children
July 1818 - Mary's sons James (11), William (8) and John (7) were recommended for admission to the Male Orphan School
1822 - Recorded as being the wife of thomas BRISTOW (per 'Barwell' 1798)
1828 - Listed in the Census as being aged 46, a laundress, living with BRISTOW in Cambridge Street in Sydney
No record of Mary's death has been traced

Created by ozgenie1105 points . Last Modification: Monday 22 of November, 2010 00:26:06 AEDT by ozgenie1105 points .

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